Morning Song Bird Food Litigation Website

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What Is This Lawsuit About?
  2. What Is A Class Action?
  3. How Do I Know If I Am A Part Of The Settlement Class?
  4. What Does The Proposed Settlement Provide?
  5. I Received A Retailer-Identified Refund Notice, But It Is Missing Purchases. What Should I Do?
  6. What happens if I do nothing at all?
  7. What If I Already Received A Refund?
  8. How Are Refunds Determined?
  9. What Am I Giving Up In Exchange For The Settlement?
  10. What If I Do Not Want To Be Part Of The Settlement?
  11. If I Exclude Myself, Can I Still Get A Refund From The Proposed Settlement?
  12. If I Do Not Exclude Myself, Can I Sue The Released Defendants For The Claims Released by This Settlement?
  13. What Is The Difference Between Objecting To The Proposed Settlement And Asking To Be Excluded From It?
  14. Who Are The Attorneys Appointed To Represent The Settlement Class?
  15. How Will The Lawyers Be Paid?
  16. When And Where Will The Court Decide On Whether To Grant Final Approval Of The Proposed Settlement?
  17. Do I Have To Come To The Fairness Hearing?
  18. May I Speak At The Fairness Hearing?
  19. What Happens If The Settlement Is Approved?
  20. What Happens If The Court Does Not Approve The Settlement?
  1. What Is This Lawsuit About?

    Plaintiffs allege in the lawsuits that the application of certain pesticides, Storcide II and Actellic 5E, to the Morning Song Bird Food products and the sale of those products violated certain federal or state laws. Plaintiffs sought refunds for their purchases, among other things.
    Defendants deny all wrongdoing alleged in the litigation and deny that Plaintiffs have suffered any damages or that they are entitled to full refunds. However, taking into account the costs, burden, and uncertainty inherent in any litigation, Defendants have concluded that it is desirable and beneficial that the Action be fully and finally settled. By agreeing to the proposed Settlement described in the Notice, Defendants make no admission as to the truth of these allegations.
    The Court has preliminarily approved this proposed Settlement and will hold a Fairness Hearing to decide whether to finally approve the proposed Settlement.

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  2. What Is A Class Action?

    In a class action, one or more persons called “class representatives” (in this case Laura Cyphert, Milt Cyphert, Ellen Larson, and David Kirby) sue on behalf of other people who have similar claims. Together, the people are called a “class” or “class members.” The individuals who sued are called the “plaintiffs.” The companies or individuals they sued are called the “defendants.” One court resolves the issues for the entire class, except for those people who choose to exclude themselves from the class.

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  3. How Do I Know If I Am A Part Of The Settlement Class?
  4. What Does The Proposed Settlement Provide?

    The proposed Settlement provides for the payment of a Settlement Amount of up to $85,000,000 (“Settlement Amount”). The Settlement Amount, together with interest (“Settlement Fund”), will be used to pay notice and administration costs, Court-approved attorneys’ fees and expenses, Court-approved service awards for class representatives, and certain Settlement Fund taxes and tax expenses (the “Net Settlement Fund”). The Net Settlement Fund will be used to provide eligible Settlement Class Members with one or more of the refunds below. There is no monetary cap on Retailer-Identified Refunds or the Proof of Purchase Refunds. This means that if the total amount needed to pay Retailer-Identified Refunds and Proof of Purchase Refunds is more than the Net Settlement Fund, Scotts will deposit additional money into the Settlement Fund.


    Retailer-Identified Refunds: Settlement Class Members who have been identified through records of certain specified retailers (Tractor Supply Company, Sam’s Club, PetSmart, Menard’s, and Orscheln Farm and Home) that contain certain information about purchases of Morning Song Bird Food from November 1, 2005 through May 1, 2008, inclusive, will automatically receive a full refund of their purchases. These Settlement Class Members will receive a Retailer-Identified Refund Notice via mail or email and will be provided the opportunity to update or correct their name and contact information, as well as to submit a Claim Form for additional purchases that are not reflected in the amount of the Retailer-Identified Refund.

    Proof of Purchase Refunds: Settlement Class Members who have not been identified through the Retailer Records will receive a full refund of their qualifying purchases of Morning Song Bird Food if they timely submit a valid Claim Form with a sales receipt that shows the quantity of Morning Song Bird Food product purchased, retailer, dates of purchase, and amounts paid from November 1, 2005 through May 1, 2008, inclusive.


    Claim Form Refunds: Settlement Class Members who have not been identified through the Retailer Records and who do not or cannot provide a sales receipt of their qualifying purchases of Morning Song Bird Food are eligible to receive up to $100 per Household if they timely submit a valid Claim Form and sign the Claim Form Affidavit section. These funds will be distributed on a pro rata basis, meaning the total amount remaining in the Net Settlement Fund after deducting all Retailer-Identified Refunds and Proof of Purchase Refunds will be distributed based on the total amount of timely and valid Claim Form Refunds.


    If, after making all the refund payments described above, any Court-approved award of attorneys’ fees and expenses to Class Counsel, and any Court-approved service award to the class representatives, and any Settlement Fund taxes and tax expenses, more than $22,500,000 (the “Maximum Residual Amount”) remains in the Net Settlement Fund, the following additional and automatic refunds may be made:


    Supplemental Claim Form Refunds: Settlement Class Members who timely submit a valid Claim Form and signed Claim Form Affidavit for more than $100 of qualifying purchases of Morning Song Bird Food may receive up to an additional $75 per Household. This refund amount, if applicable, will be distributed on a pro rata basis from the remaining balance, if any, in the Net Settlement Fund after the return of the Maximum Residual Amount, and will not exceed the total purchase amount validly claimed on the Claim Form.


    Second Supplemental Claim Form Refunds: Settlement Class Members who timely submit a valid ClaimForm and signed Claim Form Affidavit for more than $175 of qualifying purchases of Morning Song Bird Food and cash their first Claim Form Refund check may receive an additional refund amount. This refund amount, if applicable, will be distributed on a pro rata basis from the remaining balance, if any, in the Net Settlement Fund after the return of the Maximum Residual Amount, and will not exceed the total purchase amount validly claimed on the Claim Form.

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  5. If the balance of the Net Settlement Fund – after payment of the Retailer-Identified Refunds, the Proofs of Purchase Refunds, the Claim Form Refunds, any Court-approved award of attorneys’ fees and expenses to Class Counsel, and any Court-approved service award to the class representatives, and any Settlement Fund taxes and tax expenses – is $22,500,000 or less, the balance will be returned to Scotts and no Supplemental Claim Form Refunds or Second Supplemental Claim Form Refunds will be made.
    If money remains in the Net Settlement Fund after making Supplemental Claim Form Refunds and Second Supplemental Claim Form Refunds, the balance will be donated to the National Audubon Society, a bird-related charitable organization mutually agreed upon by Class Counsel and Scotts’ Counsel, unless otherwise ordered by the Court.

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  6. I Received A Retailer-Identified Refund Notice, But It Is Missing Purchases. What Should I Do?

    If you believe the Retailer-Identified Refund Notice you received does not reflect all of your qualifying purchases of Morning Song Bird Food from November 1, 2005 to May 1, 2008, you may submit a Claim Form for additional purchases.

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  7. What happens if I do nothing at all?

    If you believe you are eligible for a Proof of Purchase Refund, you must submit a Claim Form and include your Proof of Purchase postmarked by July 1, 2019. Proof of Purchase is an original or copy of a sales receipt that shows the quantity of Morning Song Bird Food you purchased, the retailer your purchase was made from, the date of purchase, and the dollar amount of Morning Song Bird Food you purchased from November 1, 2005 to May 1, 2008, inclusive.

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  8. If you no longer have your sales receipt but you purchased Morning Song Bird Food products from November 1, 2005 to May 1, 2008, inclusive, you may seek a Claim Form Refund. You must submit a Claim Form and sign the Claim Form Affidavit section postmarked by July 1, 2019. Your Claim Form must be signed in two locations and include all required information (the quantity of Morning Song Bird Food purchased, the likely retailer it was purchased from, the approximate date or dates the purchases were made, and the dollar amount of Morning Song Bird Food purchased). By signing your Claim Form Affidavit, you will be swearing that the information you submit is true and accurate. You also will be authorizing the Settlement Administrator to contact you for more information, if needed, to help evaluate or process your claim.

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  9. What If I Already Received A Refund?

    If you already received a refund for your purchases of Morning Song Bird Food from November 1, 2005 to May 1, 2008, inclusive, that reimbursement amount will be deducted from the total amount that may be owed to you as part of the proposed Settlement. If that amount equals or exceeds the total amount you would be entitled to under this Settlement, you will not receive any Settlement refunds.

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  10. How Are Refunds Determined?

    An independent Settlement Administrator that is appointed by the Court will review all Claim Forms submitted to determine whether they are valid, timely, and payable. The Settlement Administrator, which is unrelated to any party in this lawsuit, also will calculate the amounts of the Retailer-Identified Refunds, using the records provided by certain retailers, as described above.
    The Settlement Administrator may contact Settlement Class Members for further information to complete or validate their Claim Forms or to notify Settlement Class Members in writing if their Claim Form is rejected as deficient. Settlement Class Members will have thirty (30) days after the Claims Deadline of July 1, 2019, or the date of the deficiency notification sent by the Settlement Administrator, whichever is later, to try to cure any deficiencies in their Claim Forms or to dispute any rejection. The Settlement Administrator will evaluate any additional information or documentation submitted by the Settlement Class Member, consult with Class Counsel and Defendants’ Counsel, and then decide whether the Claim Form should be accepted and/or if the payments of any Proof of Purchase Refund or Claim Form Refund should be adjusted. This decision will be final and binding.

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  11. The Court will hold a hearing on June 3, 2019, to decide whether to approve the Settlement. If the Court approves the Settlement, there may be appeals. It is always uncertain when any appeals will be resolved. This process may take more than a year. Please be patient. Consult the Settlement website www.birdfoodsettlement.com for the latest information and updates.
    If and when the Settlement is approved and becomes final, Retailer-Identified and Proof of Purchase Refunds will be sent within 90 days of the effective date. Refunds will then be sent to Settlement Class Members entitled to receive Claim Form Refunds, followed by Supplemental Claim Form Refunds (if any) and Second Supplemental Claim Form Refunds (if any).

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  12. What Am I Giving Up In Exchange For The Settlement?
  13. What If I Do Not Want To Be Part Of The Settlement?

    To exclude yourself or “opt out” from the Settlement Class, you must personally sign and submit a written request to opt out, stating “I wish to exclude myself from the Settlement Class in In re Morning Song Bird Food Litigation, Case No. 3:12-cv-01592-JAH-AGS,” to the Settlement Administrator postmarked on or before May 13, 2019 to In re Morning Song Bird Food Litigation, c/o KCC Class Action Services, P.O. Box 404107, Louisville, KY 40233-4107. Your exclusion request must also include: (1) your printed name, address, and telephone number; (2) a statement that you are a Settlement Class Member; and (3) the Morning Song Bird Food you purchased, together with approximate dates, retailers, product type, and purchase price.

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  14. If I Exclude Myself, Can I Still Get A Refund From The Proposed Settlement?

    No. If you exclude yourself, you are telling the Court that you do not want to be part of the Settlement Class in this proposed Settlement. You can get a refund only if you stay in the Settlement Class and either received a Retailer-Identified Refund Notice or timely submit a valid Claim Form, as described above.

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  15. If I Do Not Exclude Myself, Can I Sue The Released Defendants For The Claims Released by This Settlement?
  16. What Is The Difference Between Objecting To The Proposed Settlement And Asking To Be Excluded From It?
  17. Who Are The Attorneys Appointed To Represent The Settlement Class?

    The Court has approved of the following law firms to represent the Settlement Class:

    Robbins Geller Rudman & Dowd LLP
    655 West Broadway, Suite 1900
    San Diego, CA 92101


    The Driscoll Firm, P.C.
    211 N. Broadway, Suite 4050
    St. Louis, MO 63102


    Dowd & Dowd P.C.
    211 N. Broadway, Suite 4050
    St. Louis, MO 63102

    You do not need to hire your own lawyer because Class Counsel is working on your behalf. If you want your own lawyer, you will have to pay that lawyer. For example, you can ask him or her to appear in Court for you if you want someone other than Class Counsel to speak for you.

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  18. How Will The Lawyers Be Paid?

    Class Counsel will apply to the Court for an award of attorneys’ fees of up to 25% of the Settlement Amount and expenses in an amount not to exceed $450,000, plus interest thereon, and Service Awards in an amount not to exceed $10,000 for each of the class representatives for their time and service to the Settlement Class. Any award of attorneys’ fees and expenses and Service Awards must be approved by the Court. If approved, these awards will be paid from the Settlement Fund, and will be paid before Claim Form Refunds are distributed.

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  19. When And Where Will The Court Decide On Whether To Grant Final Approval Of The Proposed Settlement?

    The Court will hold a Fairness Hearing at 2:30 p.m. on June 3, 2019, before the Honorable John A. Houston at the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, Courtroom 13B, 333 West Broadway, San Diego, CA 92101, to decide whether to grant or deny final approval of the proposed Settlement.

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  20. Do I Have To Come To The Fairness Hearing?

    No. Class Counsel will answer any questions the Court may have about the proposed Settlement. However, you are welcome to come to the hearing at your own expense. If you submitted an objection, you do not have to appear in Court to talk about it. As long as you mailed your written objection on time, signed it, and provided all of the required information (see Question 19) the Court will consider it. You may also pay your own lawyer to attend, but it is not necessary.

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  21. May I Speak At The Fairness Hearing?

    If you wish to appear at the Fairness Hearing, you must file with the Court a written notice of your intent to appear at the Fairness Hearing by May 13, 2019, that complies with the Court’s Preliminary Approval Order. Any Settlement Class Member who fails to comply with these requirements will forfeit their right to appear and be heard on his or her objection at the Fairness Hearing.

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  22. What Happens If The Settlement Is Approved?

    When and if the Court approves the Settlement after the Fairness Hearing, it will enter a “Final Order and Judgment” which, among other things, will constitute a final and binding judgment regarding the Action and dismiss the lawsuit with prejudice, order the parties to carry out the terms of the Settlement, and put into effect the Releases described above.

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  23. What Happens If The Court Does Not Approve The Settlement?

    If the Court does not approve the Settlement, you will not receive any Refunds described in the Notice and you will not be legally affected by the Settlement, all the parties in this lawsuit will be back to where they were before the Settlement Agreement, and no party may use or refer to the Settlement Agreement to the disadvantage of the other party.

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